Visual Guide to Binge Eating Disorder
What Is Binge Eating Disorder?Binge eating disorder isnt the same as occasional overeating.People with this eating disorder, though, feel compelled to do so on a regular basis -- at least once a week over a period of 3 months or longer.
Feeling Distressed:-People who have binge eating disorder feel they cant control how much or even what they are eating. They often eat alone, until they feel sick, or when they are not hungry. Guilt, shame, disgust, or sadness come after the binge. People may feel so embarrassed about their behavior that they go out of their way to hide it from friends and family.
Its Different From Bulimia:-Bulimia and binge eating disorder are not the same, The key difference is that people with bulimia "purge" afterward. They might make themselves vomit, use laxatives or diuretics, or exercise too much. Purging is not part of binge eating disorder.
Who Is at Risk?Anyone can develop binge eating disorder, regardless of race, sex, age, or weight.2% of men and 3.5% of women -- will have this condition at some point in their lives. Men are more likely to have it in middle age. Among teens, 1.6% have binge eating disorder.
How It Affects Weight:-People who are overweight or obese are also at risk for related health issues like heart disease, high blood pressure, and type 2 diabetes.
Its About Mental Health:-Many people with binge eating disorder also have other emotional or mental health problems, such as depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, and substance abuse. They may also feel stressed, have trouble sleeping, and struggle with low self-esteem or body image shame.
What Causes Binge Eating Disorder?Dieting can lead to binge eating disorder, but we dont know whether that alone can trigger it. Some people may be extra sensitive to food cues, such as smells or images of food. The disorder can also result from stressful or traumatic life events, such as the death of a loved one or being teased about weight.
Recovery Is Possible:-If you think you might have binge eating disorder, know that it can be successfully treated. The first step is getting a diagnosis. To do that, a doctor or other health professional will give you a physical exam and ask questions about your eating habits, emotional health, body image, and feelings toward food.
Treatment: Help With Thoughts, Feelings, and Food:-Talking with a psychiatrist or other counselor is key in working on emotional issues. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) aims to change the negative thought patterns that can spark binge eating. Interpersonal therapy (IPT) addresses relationship problems that may be involved. Learn healthy eating habits and keep a food diary as you are recovering.
What About Medication?Certain medications, such as antidepressants and specific anti-seizure drugs that can help control food cravings and urges to binge, may be useful for people with binge eating disorder -- particularly when they also work with a counselor.
Losing Weight With Binge Eating Disorder:-Binge eating can lead to weight gain and make it tough to shed extra pounds and keep them off for good. As part of their treatment, people with binge eating disorder may need help with that. Traditional weight loss programs may help, but some people struggle with strict diets.
Prevention:-If you are at risk for binge eating disorder, you can take action to avoid getting it. Watch for feelings such as, guilt, shame, or being impulsive around food, or having low self-esteem. If you have these kinds of issues, or if eating disorders run in your family, talk to a doctor or a therapist.